The "Internet of Things + Smart Garbage Sorting and Recycling System" is to establish a comprehensive and highly intelligent garbage classification management system through information technology. It consists of operational services + three hardware devices (smart garbage bag dispensers, smart garbage sorting bins). , Intelligent garbage classification recyclable bin) + cloud service platform + mobile platform.
Intelligent garbage sorting and recycling system
1. Each resident receives a degradable garbage bag with a QR code from the smart garbage bag issuing machine for free, one code per household.
2. Residents put garbage into the smart garbage sorting bin. The new garbage sorting and recycling machine can intelligently identify whether the garbage in the garbage bag is correctly classified, and install a weight sensor in the garbage bin, and the system will automatically weigh the garbage after the residents put the garbage bag The heavy data is automatically uploaded to the smart platform using the Internet of Things and stored in relevant household files.
3. Management and monitoring of subsequent garbage transportation collection, detection and reclassification, data analysis, processing, etc., to achieve accurate analysis of big data, and provide a basis for scientific decision-making for the government to make subsequent management policies.
The "Internet of Things + Smart Garbage Sorting and Recycling System" realizes one household and one code for residents, and each garbage bag has an "ID card" to transmit data through the Internet of Things smart terminal, supervise the behavior of residents' garbage classification, and provide users with scientific garbage classification. Give certain incentives to integrate garbage classification into residents' lives.
Application of Internet of Things in Garbage Treatment
The role of the Internet of Things in waste sorting and processing is to develop a series of waste treatment equipment for data collection, control and other applications based on Internet of Things communication technology (NB-IoT) and sensor technology, combined with 3G/4G industrial router to offer networks:
Trash can smart opening and anti-pinching:
Open trash cans are prone to breeding mosquitoes, and the smell greatly affects the environment. Therefore, most of the trash cans in residential areas are covered with doors, but residents have a certain resistance to touching the trash can with their hands when putting garbage. The Internet of Things control device is installed on the opening of the trash can. Residents can open, deliver, and close the trash can through the WeChat applet or APP, and can prevent being caught by the trash can without touching the trash can.
Trash can status detector:
The IoT monitoring equipment in the smart trash bin can monitor the status of the trash can at any time. In addition to the overflow status, the status information such as fireproof and waterproof, overturning, and positioning can be monitored. Reusing the Internet of Things to transmit data can accurately manage each trash can to optimize resource utilization, realize fire and explosion monitoring, and provide big data support for trash can management in residential areas.
Garbage classification detection detector:
Smart trash cans can capture beverage bottles, metals, batteries, glass and other garbage through the camera to realize intelligent identification and early warning. The collected and detected data is transmitted to the smart platform through the Internet of Things and enters each resident’s file for supervision The garbage sorting behavior of each resident.
Garbage weighing calculation detector:
The garbage weighing detector in the smart trash can automatically weighs the correctly classified garbage input by the residents, uses the Internet of Things card to transmit data, and gives the residents corresponding points and rewards in real time to encourage the residents to sort the garbage.